Last Mile Connectivity in India – The Studies
Feasible solutions to address Bangalore’s mobility problems and accelerate the transition to reliable and efficient passenger and public transport systems were developed from February 19 – 20, 2020, during a two-day workshop, organized by over 150 stakeholders and sponsored by the Directorate of Urban Land Transport, the Invest Karnataka Forum and the Ministry of Industry and Trade. The solutions support long-term mobility objectives and provide information on the short-term measures needed once the closure is lifted to reduce the spread of COVID-19.
Participants addressed mobility challenges and developed action plans and solutions in several interconnected areas, including charging infrastructure and battery exchange, data-based solutions, electric vehicle manufacturing, first and last mile connectivity, public transport, and last-mile delivery in cities. Solutions varied from the development of data governance and technological frameworks to policy recommendations to support the domestic production of new mobility services and charging infrastructure for electric vehicles.
Last Mile Connectivity in India – The Opportunity
Now we are in need of an environmentally friendly Last Mile Connectivity public transport solution that can address the problems facing Indian auto-rickshaw drivers and contributes to a sustainable mobility solution by converting India’s urban lifestyle to a sustainable auto-rickshaw system that is sustainable and reduces poverty. From delivery services and the e-commerce industry to electric vehicle platforms, all of the above features are a complete solution for mobility in the new era.
This is an exciting time for electric vehicle companies in India to think towards the Last Mile Connectivity solution, given the enormous market opportunities in the two-wheeler, freight, and intra-city public transport segments. A massive technological shift from IC motors to battery-powered vehicles is taking place quickly. Technological advances that ensure long-range and fast charging will bring economic benefits to users and drivers.
Given the Indian automotive industry’s goal of being one of the world’s top three automotive manufacturers by 2026, e-mobility represents the right opportunity for Last Mile Connectivity. Electric tricycles are the new segment of micro-mobility that will drive the growth of the EV category. High payload, load capacity, and range requirements are the most important customer requirements in the commercial segment for electric vehicles.
Indian cities are facing the challenge of creating more and more private vehicles and congestion on the roads. In recent years, inner-city transport has become crucial, as door-to-door deliveries have increased many times over. The country has completed its journey to electric vehicles, and India is pushing for two-wheelers & tricycles electric vehicles.
Last Mile Connectivity in India – Current Scenario
Despite the increasing awareness of public transport in our country, the share of public transport has not improved. The share of public transport in many major cities is decreasing as for example in the city of Kochi from 8.2% in 2000 to 4.9% in 2015 in the last 15 years.
There are many reasons for this, but one of the main ones is the inefficient connection of the first and last mile between major public transport networks such as subways and city buses. There are three major challenges in the introduction of electric vehicles, including high acquisition costs, lack of charging infrastructure, and the ecosystem of electric vehicle manufacturing for vehicles and batteries.
While the introduction of electric vehicles on the market faces three major challenges, the light electric commercial vehicle segment has experienced a steep increase in recent years, particularly in passenger and Last Mile Connectivity. This segment has a lower total cost of ownership and lower operating costs, which makes electric vehicles attractive.
Last Mile Connectivity in India – Efforts by Indian Companies
As part of the partnership, Zyngo, a hyper-local company targeting the last mile connectivity and mid-mile delivery industry, has a fleet of electric cars from mobility solution providers such as Sun Mobility and a network of interchange points available IOCL stations to strengthen its last-mile delivery services. With the nature of last-mile deliveries, such as deliveries from designated warehouses, the basic infrastructure is in place and there are fewer concerns about the charging infrastructure for last-mile delivery.
The CEO of Amazon announced a plan to run 100% renewable energy by 2025, with a five-year plan aimed for 2030. They are working with private car companies to include 100,000 electric vehicles in its Prime Delivery, which will be 4W vans. Amazon India announced in January 2020 that it would introduce 10,000 electric vehicles (3WS and 4WS) to its last-mile fleet by the end of 2025.
Similarly, Walmart-owned e-commerce giants Walmart and Flipkart made headlines in August 2020 for their commitment to 100% adoption of electric vehicles by 2030 by partnering with the EV100 electric mobility initiative.
The network of interchange points at IOCL stations will help to alleviate concerns about the limited range of electric vehicles due to inadequate charging infrastructure and encourage the adoption of environmentally friendly transportation and mobility solutions to reduce costs and carbon footprint.
“Our partnership with Zyngo enables us to accelerate clean deliveries on the last mile with vehicles powered by an open energy platform with architecture. We are confident that with the support of the Haryana government we can accelerate the mass adoption of electric vehicles in Gurugram,” says Chetan Maini, chairman & co-founder of Sun Mobility. Zyngo’s vehicle-driven swap solution, Sun Mobility, is designed to alleviate key challenges associated with the adoption of electric vehicles, such as high battery replacement costs, battery maintenance, range anxiety, and long charging times.
EVM provides a complete turnkey solution for electric vehicles for last-mile delivery services for 2W and 3W applications. E-Car acts as a mobile power source for electric vehicles by integrating a foldable e-scooter into the trunk, complementing the main vehicle as the last connectivity option when the user is stranded at one point with a low-battery car.
In a similar way, Nissan New Leaf Electric acts not only as a mobility provider but also as a mobile power source, utilizing its 40 kWh battery to connect and power the home.
In 2020, during the COVID 19 pandemic, the world recognized the importance of renewable energy and electric public transport and urged countries to switch to cleaner commuting. Supported by the robust push by governments, India’s electromobility segment is on the verge of a breakthrough.
In India, there are now a number of new electric mobility companies offering solutions for last-mile connectivity and domestic transport. Sun Mobility, a leading provider of energy infrastructure services for electric vehicles, announced a partnership with Zyngo Hyperlocal 3 PL, a company dedicated to the delivery of the last mile and the mid-mile.
Mahindra & Mahindra said on Friday that the board had approved in principle the consolidation of its subsidiary Mahindra Electric Mobility Ltd. The combined company will provide the necessary resources and direction for the electric vehicle (EV) business.
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