For our previous article on electric two-wheelers, see here, where we had briefly discussed the various brands available, considering that both 2WD and 4WD two-wheelers have been explored by various research agencies around the world. However, the topic had gone to some level beyond the scope of this article.
We had concluded that for our purpose, even 2WD EVs are viable in India as it takes time for them to be recharged. On the other hand, 4WD EVs have performance in India not up to the mark as of now. The objective of this article is to try to have a comparative study of petrol two-wheelers and electric two-wheelers, to figure out what the best option is for each sector of the country.
Why electric vehicles are better
Firstly, electric vehicles are quiet. This is a very important parameter for us. Electrification will significantly reduce noise pollution. Secondly, these vehicles are also more durable and less prone to accidents. Thirdly, the electricity cost for an electric vehicle is extremely low. For example, you can use an electric vehicle for a full day for Rs 4 to 5. However, to recharge it you have to spend Rs 30-40 and it’s not a costly exercise. Fourthly, electric vehicles are environmentally friendly as they do not emit CO2 or any other harmful gases.
Energy efficiency Taxation Environment A considerable change has already taken place in the world of electric vehicles. The government’s support to encourage eco-friendly vehicles has provided a much-needed push to the industry. There has been tremendous growth in the sales of electric vehicles in India.
The three-wheeled electric vehicles sales in India saw a huge rise from approximately 2,000 units in FY16 to over 47,000 units in FY18. These numbers reflect the potential that electric two-wheelers and three-wheelers hold in India. Manufacturers in India offer a wide range of electric vehicles ranges including electric scooters, electric bicycles, and electric three-wheelers. Our electric two-wheelers will surely improve your commute and you can enjoy your trip.
One should understand the basic idea of Fuel Economy before choosing an electric two-wheeler. To improve fuel economy, a common approach for electric vehicles is to reduce resistance and improve the power to weight ratio. These aspects are not different in a petrol engine. You can always drive your petrol vehicle on your daily commute at 100 kmph. Renewable Energy Electric vehicles are becoming the future for India.
That is why the Electric vehicle market is at a growing stage. There is plenty of competition in this market, while petrol two-wheelers can be a better solution in terms of ease of availability of petrol. Electric vehicles are great for the environment and energy for your home and industry. But the question is why petrol two-wheelers should be avoided?
In 2016, the Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF) launched a Bharat Aditya program to reduce the annual levels of fine particulate matter PM 2.5 and 10 (toxic air particles). Under the Bharat Aditya program, various measures such as the ban on diesel cars older than 10 years and of diesel and petrol cars over 12 years have been taken.
The car manufacturers have complied with the norms for newer cars, in response to which many premium carmakers have reduced their models’ emissions drastically, in India. In 2017, in a bid to reduce the smog levels in Delhi-NCR, the Supreme Court had given the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) and Delhi Pollution Control Committee (DPCC) the authority to penalize vehicle-makers that do not meet emission norms.
In our opinion, electric vehicles are not much of a threat to the petrol-powered two-wheelers in the near future in India. It is only a matter of time before India starts charging electric vehicles. As soon as suitable charging infra comes into place, it will severely limit the usage of the petrol two-wheelers. Electric two-wheelers with lithium batteries will still be the attraction in terms of looks, speed, ease of charging, zero noise, and air pollution.
Some of these electric two-wheelers will be driven by lithium batteries, some will be propelled by gasoline, and some will run on compressed natural gas or will run on other fossil fuel sources. While there are a lot of aspirational countries like Norway, Germany, and some other countries that have real-world examples of successful electric two-wheelers.
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